Orlando Figes is the son of the feminist book writer Eva Figes and the brother of writer Kate Figes. He is a British historian and professor who has written a lot of books which centers on the history and culture of the Soviet Union. His career as a historian is significantly successful and his books paved way for the real history of Russia. Because of his books, he has received awards and accolades in being a one of the finest Russian historians in United Kingdom.
Figes was born in 1959 in a family which whose opinions were greatly influenced by the feminism of her mother. Just like ay writers, little Orlando showcased a strong sense of intelligence even when he was a kid. He attended William Ellis School in North London, which was a grammar school turned comprehensive during his sixth grade. William Ellis successfully hones a roster of fine historians as Mark Mazower and Toby Abse also attended the same school. Figes then attended the Gonville and Caius College in 1979 and studied history. During his time, Gonville and Caius was the top history college in Cambridge. The same with William Ellis School, the former were also home to other historians who became successful such as Vic Gatrell and Neil McKendrick. Alas, he graduated from college with a double-starred First and went on with his Ph.D. on Russian history at Trinity College in Cambridge.
Orlando Figes has been a history lecturer in University of Cambridge. Presently, he is working as a history lecturer at the Birkbeck College alongside his main job of being a historian. Throughout his career, he has registered several bestsellers such as A People’s Tragedy: The Russian Revolution, Natasha’s Dance: A Cultural History of Russia, The Whisperers: Private Life in Stalin’s Russia and Crimea: The Last Crusade.
Figes has received awards from several organizations such as the Wolfston Prize, NCR Book Award, WH Smith Literary Award, Longman/History Today Book Prize and the Los Angeles Times Book Prize for A People’s Tragedy. For the book Natasha’s Dance, he got shortlisted for the Samuel Johnson Prize and Duff Cooper Prize. The Whisperer’s also received the Samuel Johnson Prize, Ondaatje Prize, Premio roma and Prix Medicis.
All in all, Orlando Figes’ masterpieces have been translated into almost thirty languages due to its worldwide demand. Aside from writing books and teaching, he also contributes to the New York Review of Books on a regular basis.
Exposure to asbestos fibres has caused many persons to develop a rare form of cancer that is very fatal. However, even though a cure has not yet been developed there are various methods of treatments for patients to consider.
In addition, some may choose to participate in clinical trials designed to find cures and test new treatments before they are made available to the public.
This cancer is called mesothelioma and here are some of the treatment options available to persons fighting this disease:
Surgery – There are three main types of surgeries used to treat the cancer; diagnostic, curative and palliative. In most cases diagnostic and palliative surgery is used to bring about some amount of relief from the symptoms. Curative surgery is the only one that can cure the disease. However the cancer would have to be detected in the initial stage for this to be possible and this is normally not the case.
Chemotherapy – This is one of the mesothelioma treatments where drugs like Cisplatin and Alimta are administered via the vein to kill cells dividing rapidly. However unpleasant side effects tend to take place, as normal cells are also dividing rapidly. This is normally done after surgery.
Radiation – This is mostly done with surgery to kill the cancer cells or limit the growth of the cells. It can also be used by itself to provide relief of symptoms caused by the cancer but this is rare.
Photodynamic Therapy – In this case, light energy is used to kill cancer cells. This is however only used in cases where the cancer is localised.
Gene Therapy – Here a genetic material is used to make the cancer cells more susceptible to chemotherapy. Hence it is normally followed by treatment with chemotherapeutic medication.
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